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users in linux

If you want to login to a system, you need to login using a username and password. User can be created using adduser or useradd commands in Linux. Let us see what happens when you create a user.

  1. A user id is assigned to it [value >1000]
  2. A group is created with a Group Id
  3. That user is assigned to this newly created group
  4. A home directory is created for that user [default path is /home]
  5. Contents of /etc/skel is copied to this home directory

Let us now check when a user is created, and which files get affected, let us have a look at files where a new entry is generated in which files.


This is a file where you can get all the details of the users in your system. Be it the normal users, system users or the root user.



Let us go through the fields of this file

  1. Username
  2. Password
  3. UID
  4. GID
  6.  User’s home directory [absolute path]
  7. Login shell


This is a file where we store the password securely.



Let us go through the fields of this file

  1. User name
  2. Password
  3. Encrypted password.
  4. Previous Password Change
  5. Validity of password
  6. Warning period
  7. Account validity
  8. Account disability

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